CHANGE OF MINDSET OF DAYAK INDIGENOUS PEOPLES IN WEST BORNEO TOWARDS INDIGENOUS FORESTS AS A MANAGEMENT OF OIL PALM PLANTATIONS AND OIL PALM PLANTATIONS WASTES
Pitalis Mawardi Baging, Mohd Khairul Amri Kamarudin, Reza Rachmadtullah
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Recent economic development efforts have been intensively carried out in the oil palm plantation business in various regions of Indonesia. The development of oil palm plantations, particularly in the regions, West Kalimantan, raises problems for the natural environment and local, national and global communities. Since the opening of oil palm plantations in 1980 in West Kalimantan, which since 1982 has been managed with the pattern of Inti Rakyat (PIR-Bun), slowly but surely changed the mindset of the Dayak indigenous people towards jungles or Ulayat lands. Its influence is increasingly felt in the behavior and social life of the local community. Dayaks are experiencing a “world view” change in the forest. Those who since time immemorial are friendly with nature and uphold traditional principles, now their lives are on the one hand leaving ancestral traditions and following the trend of oil palm plantations, but on the other hand their lives are increasingly cornered by the existence of oil palm plantations and management of oil palm plantations wastes. Permissive attitude and pragmatism of the ruling party has resulted in changes in the “world view” of the local community. They no longer respect nature or the forest as the “sacred realm”. The community is increasingly pragmatic, hedonistic and consumptive. Customs and local wisdom in the form of family values, mutual cooperation, loyalty to the community, humility, sincerity, respect for nature and others fade. The jungle and the ‘Tembawang forest’ as customary rights are largely left to the story.