AN ANALYSIS OF SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN LAMJUNG DISTRICT COMMUNITY HOSPITAL, NEPAL
Mahendra Aryal, Sanju Adhikary, Vinayak Aryal, Rameshwor Adhikari
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This study assessed the process of managing the health care wastes and their disposal in one of the major hospital in Lamjung district, Nepal. It was found that the hospital does not quantify solid wastes and segregation of the different types of wastes is not so well practiced. Average awareness of the magnitude of hospital waste management of hospital staffs and patients ages ranging from 15 to 85 was found at 67.857% and 49% respectively. The findings in this paper indicated that the waste generation rate is around 0.860 kg/inpatient/day, 0.053 kg/outpatient/day. Total waste generation by hospital was estimated at 141.765 kg/day, in which 91.939% of non-hazardous and 8.060% of hazardous respectively. The study showed that almost all infectious wastes are disposed by incineration process. It was also found that the hospital has been still using mercury thermometer. Total cost of hospital waste management was an amount of $US 26538.717 in 2018 AD including remuneration of waste management workers, whereas income from selling off recyclable waste is negligible comparison to the total cost. It can be recommended that the government and relevant agents should be at alert to their responsibilities of regulating the waste management practices in big hospitals.